Wednesday, August 9, 2017

List of Disney animated films based on fairy tales

Walt Disney poses with statuettes of the seven dwarfs in the original theatrical trailer for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
Fairy tales have provided a source of inspiration for the Disney studio. Sometimes, Walt Disney Pictures alters gruesome fairy tales in order to make them more appropriate for children. The silent short cartoons produced at the Laugh-O-Gram Studioduring Walt Disney's early career consisted of humorous, modern retellings of traditional stories. Later, Walt Disney and his studio turned to traditional fairy tales as the source for shorts in the Silly Symphonies series, and later animated features such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, his first full-length feature. After a hiatus from the fairy tale genre, the modern Disney company once more looked to classic fairy tales during the late 80s and 90s, resulting in popular films such as Beauty and the BeastThe Little Mermaid and The Little Mermaid 2.The following list is of such fairy tale films produced by the Disney company, along with their sources of inspiration (some stories, including Cinderella and The Ugly Duckling, have been subject to multiple treatments). Excluded are television series (such as The Little Mermaid TV series) and sequels to previous fairy tale films (such as Cinderella II: Dreams Come True), unless explicitly incorporating elements of another traditional story.

Disney's animated shorts based on fairy tales[edit]

Name of filmYearSource materialFurther notes
Little Red Riding Hood1922Little Red Riding Hood by Charles Perrault/Brothers GrimmLaugh-O-Gram
The Four Musicians of Bremen1922The Bremen Town Musicians by the Brothers GrimmLaugh-O-Gram
Jack and the Beanstalk1922Traditional English tale of Jack and the Beanstalk, best known through the retelling by Joseph JacobsLaugh-O-Gram
Jack the Giant Killer1922Traditional English tale of Jack the Giant KillerLaugh-O-Gram, also released under the title of The KO Kid.
Goldie Locks and the Three Bears1922Goldilocks and the Three Bears by Robert SoutheyLaugh-O-Gram, also released under the title of The Peroxide Kid.
Puss in Boots1922Puss in Boots by Charles PerraultLaugh-O-Gram
Cinderella1922Cinderella by Charles PerraultLaugh-O-Gram
The Ugly Duckling1931The Ugly Duckling by Hans Christian AndersenFrom the Silly Symphony series. The only such short in the series to be remade in colour.
Babes in the Woods1932Title taken from the traditional English tale Babes in the Wood, though largely inspired by the Brothers Grimms' Hansel and GretelFrom the Silly Symphony series.
Three Little Pigs1933Traditional English tale of The Three Little Pigs,From the Silly Symphony series. An extremely successful film, it introduced the Disney versions of the namesake pigs and Big Bad Wolf, and bore the popular song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?". Winner of the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.
The Pied Piper1933German folk tale of The Pied Piper of Hamelin, popularised in the English-speaking world by the 19th century poem by Robert BrowningFrom the Silly Symphony series.
Giantland1933Loosely inspired by the traditional English tale of Jack and the Beanstalk, best known through the retelling by Joseph JacobsMickey Mouse short.
The Grasshopper and the Ants1934The Ant and the Grasshopper by AesopFrom the Silly Symphony Series.
The Big Bad Wolf1934Little Red Riding Hood by Charles Perrault/Brothers Grimm, featuring characters from The Three Little PigsFrom the Silly Symphony series. Part sequel to Three Little Pigs, part retelling of Little Red Riding Hood.
The Wise Little Hen1934Traditional story of The Little Red HenFrom the Silly Symphony series. First screen appearance of Donald Duck. Duck character is not in the original fairy tale
The Tortoise and the Hare1935The Tortoise and the Hare by AesopFrom the Silly Symphony Series.
The Country Cousin1936The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse by AesopFrom the Silly Symphony Series.
Brave Little Tailor1938The Brave Little Tailor by the Brothers GrimmMickey Mouse short.
The Ugly Duckling1939The Ugly Duckling by Hans Christian AndersenFrom the Silly Symphonies series. Colour remake of the 1931 short. Winner of the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.
Chicken Little1943Traditional story of Chicken Little
Dumb Bell of the Yukon1946The Russian folk tale of The Bear with a Wooden Leg by A. N. Afanas’evDonald Duck short.
Redux Riding Hood1997Little Red Riding Hood by Charles Perrault/Brothers GrimmProduced by Walt Disney Television Animation as part of a planned series called "Totally Twisted Fairy Tales".
The Little Matchgirl2006The Little Match Girl by Hans Christian AndersenIncluded on The Little Mermaid Platinum Edition DVD.

Disney feature films based on fairy tales[edit]

Name of filmYearSource materialFurther notes
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs1937Snow White by the Brothers GrimmWalt Disney's first full-length animated feature film, it became the most successful film in motion-picture history up until that point.
Pinocchio1940The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi
Cinderella1950Cinderella by Charles Perrault, with some uncredited, perhaps incidental, elements from the Brothers Grimm version of the storyWalt Disney's comeback feature after a series of financial difficulties following the Second World War.
Alice in Wonderland1951Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass by Lewis Carroll
Peter Pan1953Peter Pan and Peter and Wendy by J. M. Barrie
Sleeping Beauty1959Charles Perrault's version of Sleeping Beauty is given credit in the film's opening titles, though the film's plot more closely resembles that of the Brother Grimm's later version called Briar RoseThe last fairy tale film produced by Walt Disney, it is one of only two Disney animated films produced in a special 70mm widescreen process, the other being The Black Cauldron. The film features heavily stylised art direction and music adapted from the Tchaikovsky ballet score.
The Little Mermaid1989The Little Mermaid by Hans Christian AndersenThe first Disney animated fairy tale in thirty years, the critical and commercial success of The Little Mermaid resulted in a popular renewed interest in Disney animation. Interestingly, the story had been considered by Walt Disney as a potential segment for a planned film based on the life and works of Hans Christian Andersen.
DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp1990Elements from Aladdin from the Arabian NightsProduced by Walt Disney Television Animation and released under the banner of "Disney Movietoons". Though largely a theatrical spin-off of the television series DuckTales, the film owes a lot of its plot to the story of Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp, which would be produced as a feature film by Disney two years later.
Beauty and the Beast1991Beauty and the Beast by Jeanne-Marie Leprince de BeaumontEven more successful than The Little MermaidBeauty and the Beast was the first animated feature ever to be nominated for a Best Picture Oscar. As with The Little Mermaid, it is said that the story had been considered for film treatment during Walt Disney's lifetime.
Aladdin1992Aladdin from the Arabian Nights and Antoine Galland's interpretationAn even more resounding commercial success than its predecessors, the film also takes cues from such adventure films as The Thief of Baghdad and Raiders of the Lost Ark.
Mulan1998Traditional Chinese story of Hua MulanDisney's first foray into Asian literature.
The Emperor's New Groove2000A comedic play off of the story "The Emperor's New Clothes" by Hans Christian Anderson
Chicken Little2005Traditional story of Chicken LittleThe studio's first feature after the 2003/4 shutdown of traditional animation in favour of computer animation.
The Princess and the Frog2009The Frog Prince by the Brothers Grimm and The Frog Princess by E.D. BakerThe first traditionally animated Disney film since the revival of the medium following a regime change in early 2006. Ditching a traditional European setting for New Orleansduring the roaring '20s, the film gained much attention over the introduction of Disney's first ever black princess, Tiana.
Tangled2010Rapunzel by the Brothers GrimmComputer animated and released in 3D. Much controversy surrounded the decision to rename the film from the more traditional Rapunzel to Tangled in an attempt not to put off male audiences. Nonetheless, the film was a big success.
Brave (2012 film)2012Brave by ChapmanCo-produced with Pixar. A 3D computer animated film.
Frozen2013The Snow Queen by Hans Christian AndersenComputer animated and released in 3D. This film ranks as Walt Disney Animation Studio's highest grossing animated film and the highest grossing animated film of all time. It also won the studio its first Best Animated Feature Oscar. It has since spawned a successful franchise that includes a television spin-off, an upcoming sequel, an album, two animated shorts, and merchandise.
Zootopia2016The Tortoise and the Hare by AesopComputer animated and released in 3D. This film ranks as Walt Disney Animation Studio's highest grossing animated film and the highest grossing animated film of all time. It also won the studio its first Best Animated Feature Oscar.
Gigantic2020Traditional English story of Jack and the Beanstalk, best known through the retelling by Joseph JacobsUpcoming, computer animated and will be released in 3D. The first time Disney adapted a story into two animated features.

Disney feature films containing segments based on fairy tales[edit]

-* and 2
Name of filmYearSegment nameSource materialFurther notes
Fantasia *1940"The Sorcerer's Apprentice"Traditional German story of The Sorcerer's Apprentice, popularised in verse form by GoetheSet to Paul Dukas's tone poem of the same name, featuring Mickey Mouse in an iconic sorcerer's outfit. Reprised for Fantasia 2000.
Fun and Fancy Free1947Mickey and the BeanstalkTraditional English story of Jack and the Beanstalk, best known through the retelling by Joseph JacobsOriginally planned as a feature film, monetary issues at the studio forced the film to be retooled as a shorter segment for a package feature. Narrated by Edgar Bergen, though individual releases of the short features narration by Sterling Holloway and/or Ludwig Von Drake.
Fantasia 20001999"The Steadfast Tin Soldier"The Steadfast Tin Soldier by Hans Christian AndersenThe story, set to Shostakovich's' "Piano Concerto No. 2 in F major", had once been considered by the studio in the late 1930's.

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