Monday, December 31, 2018
Δύο ήταν οι κορυφαίοι χορευτές – χορογράφοι της μεγάλης οθόνης που μάγεψαν το κοινό του κινηματογράφου στον 20ο αιώνα κι αποτέλεσαν το πρότυπο για μια νέα γενιά χορογράφων και χορευτών: ο Φρεντ Ασταίρ και ο Τζην Κέλλυ.
Ο Τζην Κέλλυ (1912 – 96) ήταν ο χορευτής, που έγινε μια από τις μεγαλύτερες προσωπικότητες του Χόλλυγουντ, στις δεκαετίες του ’40 και του ’50, μολονότι οι ικανότητές του στο τραγούδι και στην υποκριτική ήταν κάτω από το μέσο όρο. Όταν πέρασε η μόδα των μιούζικαλ, στράφηκε στην σκηνοθεσία. Το 1951 η Κινηματογραφική Βιομηχανία τού απένειμε ειδικό Όσκαρ τιμώντας τον ηθοποιό, τραγουδιστή, σκηνοθέτη και χορευτή ειδικότερα για τα λαμπρά επιτεύγματα του στην τέχνη της χορογραφίας στον κινηματογράφο. Η πρώτη από τις τρεις συζύγους του ήταν η ηθοποιός Betsy Blair, από το 1941 – 57.
Ο Τζην Κέλλυ χορεύει ή τραγουδά στις ταινίες του με τους Φρεντ Ασταίρ, Φρανκ Σινάτρα, Τζούντι Γκάρλαντ, Ρίτα Χαίηγουορθ, Νίκολας Μπράδερς, Βέρα-Έλλεν, Βαν Τζόνσον, Νταν Ναίηλυ, Μάικλ Κιντ, Μίτσι Γκαίηνορ, τον αδελφό του Φρεντ Κέλλυ (είχαν μία μόνο συνεργασία στον κινηματογράφο), κ.α.
Από το 1974 – 85 ο Κέλλυ εμφανίστηκε σε 38 ταινίες. Τουλάχιστον 18 από αυτές ήταν καθαρόαιμα μιούζικαλ. Η MGM ήταν το μεγαλύτερο και το πιο ισχυρό στούντιο στο Χόλλυγουντ το 1941, όταν ο Κέλλυ έφθασε εκεί με την προοπτική να γυρίσει μια ταινία. Είχε έρθει από το Μπροντγουαίη, όπου θριάμβευσε στο “Pal Joey” και σκόπευε να επιστρέψει όσο το δυνατόν πιο γρήγορα. Η πρώτη του ταινία για την MGM ήταν το “For me and my gal” (1942), που προβλήθηκε στην Ελλάδα με τίτλο «Για σένα π’αγαπώ».
Συμπρωταγωνίστριά του ήταν η Τζούντυ Γκάρλαντ. Αυτό που κράτησε τον Κέλλυ στο
Χόλλυγουντ ήταν η απίστευτη δεξαμενή ταλέντου που υπήρχε εκεί. Λόγω του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου το Χόλλυγουντ έγινε καταφύγιο για λαμπρούς Ευρωπαίους μουσικούς, ηθοποιούς και άλλους καλλιτέχνες.
Όσοι είδαν το φιλμ του 1951 «Ένας Αμερικανός στο Παρίσι» αιχμαλώτισαν για πάντα στις σκέψεις τους το Παρίσι, όπου χόρευε ο Τζην Κέλλυ με μουσική του Τζωρτζ Γκέρσουϊν, ειδικά το μπαλέτο των 17 λεπτών, στο φινάλε του φιλμ, που αποτελεί αποθέωση της χορευτικής έμπνευσης του Κέλλυ και το απόγειο της χορευτικής δημιουργικής του φαντασίας.
Ένα άλλο μιούζικαλ με τον Κέλλυ, το «Τραγουδώντας στην βροχή», έδωσε το αθάνατο χορευτικό παραλήρημα του ερωτευμένου Κέλλυ, υπό βροχήν, που είναι το διασημότερο απόσπασμα απ’όλα τα μιούζικαλς του 20ου αιώνα.
Ο Κέλλυ ήταν της ίδιας κλάσεως με τον Φρεντ Ασταίρ, αλλά αντί για ημίψηλο και φράκο φορούσε ρούχα εργασίας που ταίριαζαν, άλλωστε, στο αρρενωπό, αθλητικό χορευτικό στυλ, το οποίο τον έκανε να ξεχωρίζει, είτε είχε παρτναίρ την Τζούντυ, την Ρίτα ή Βέρα-Έλλεν, είτε μια εφημερίδα, ένα σκουπόξυλο ή μια ομπρέλα.
|December 31st: On this Day|
|1961, The Beach Boys made their live debut using their new name when they appeared at Long Beach Civic Auditorium, California.|
|1962, During his first visit to the UK Bob Dylan played at the King And Queen pub in London. Dylan had arrived in the UK on 17th Dec after British TV director Philip Saville had heard Dylan perform in Greenwich Village, and had invited him to take part in a BBC television drama: The Madhouse On Castle Street.|
|1963, The Kinks made their live debut when they played at the Lotus House Restaurant, London. Now recognised as one of the most important and influential rock acts of the era, brothers Ray Davies and Dave Davies remained members throughout the group's 32-year run.|
|1966, The Monkees started a 7-week run at No.1 on the US singles charts with the Neil Diamond song 'I'm A Believer'. Also No.1 in the UK in 1967.|
|1967, American songwriter and producer Bert Berns died of heart failure aged 38. He wrote many classic songs including 'Twist And Shout', 'Hang On Sloopy', ‘Here Comes the Night’, ‘I Want Candy’, ‘Under the Boardwalk’, ‘Everybody Needs Somebody to Love’ and 'Brown Eyed Girl'.|
|1970, Paul McCartney filed a suit against the rest of The Beatles to dissolve their partnership. According to the court documents, McCartney's main reason for wanting to legally break up the group stemmed from the decision taken by the others to to appoint Rolling Stones manager Allan Klein as their manager. McCartney didn't trust Klein and had wanted his new in-laws, Lee and John Eastman, to look after their affairs. The suit took more than four years of court hearings, with the group officially disbanding in January 1975.|
|1973, Australian band AC/DC made their live debut when they appeared at Chequers Bar in Sydney.|
|1979, David Bowie performed an acoustic version of 'Space Oddity' on the UK TV 'Kenny Everett New Year's Show'. Bowie was also seen on the Dick Clark TV show in the US on this date, on his Salute To The Seventies.|
|1982, Max's Kansas City in New York City closed down. The venue had been a launching pad for such artists as The New York Dolls, Bruce Springsteen and The Velvet Underground.|
|1984, Def Leppard drummer Rick Allen crashed his Corvette Stingray, on the A57 outside Sheffield, Allen lost his left arm in the accident. Allen was on his way to a New Year's Eve party at his family's home when a Jaguar passed him. The driver had been egging Allen on and would not allow him to pass. In his rage to pass this driver, he did not see a turn up ahead and lost control of his car. He was thrown from the car, with his left arm severed due to the seatbelt not being properly fastened.|
|1985, Ricky Nelson was killed along with six others, when his charted light aircraft crashed in Texas. It's rumoured that freebasing cocaine caused an onboard explosion. Nelson had played himself on his parent's US TV The Adventures Of Ozzie and Harriet.' (1958 US No.1 'Poor Little Fool', 1961 UK No.2 single 'Hello Mary Lou' plus over 30 US Top 40 hit singles).|
|1991, Pearl Jam, Nirvana and the Red Hot Chili Peppers all appeared on the same bill at the Cow Palace, San Francisco, California.|
|1996, Paul McCartney became a Sir after he was listed in the Queens New Year's Honours List.|
|1999, The Manic Street Preachers performed to 57,000 fans at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff. The Guinness Book of Records confirmed that the concert set a new record as the biggest indoor show ever staged in Europe, tickets £30.|
|2000, Janet Jackson's estranged husband filed a lawsuit against the singer claiming that Jackson, who had sold more than 40 million records, promised to share equally any assets acquired after their relationship began in 1987.|
|2003, Kevin MacMichael, guitarist with Cutting Crew died of lung cancer aged 51. (1987 US No.1 & 1986 UK No.4 single 'I Just Died In Your Arms Tonight'). Also worked with Robert Plant and The Rankin Family.|
|2004, Pete Waterman was awarded an OBE for his services to music. Once part of the Stock, Aitken & Waterman team he also booked the first ever tour for The Bay City Rollers, signed Musical Youth and Nik Kershaw during the 70’s and was promotion consultant for John Travolta. Waterman had written and produced more than 200 hit singles in 25 years for acts from Kylie Minogue to Steps.|
|2005, According to official figures singer-songwriter James Blunt's 'Back To Bedlam' was the biggest selling UK album of 2005. The former soldier, who was virtually unknown this time last year, outsold Coldplay's album 'X&Y' which finished second and Robbie Williams came in third place with ‘Intensive Care’ album. The rest of the Top 10: No.4. Kaiser Chiefs - ‘Employment’, 5. Gorillaz - ‘Demon Days’, 6. Westlife - ‘Face To Face’, 7. KT Tunstall - ‘Eye To The Telescope’, 8. Kelly Clarkson - ‘Breakaway’, 9. Faithless - ‘Forever Faithless - The Greatest Hits’ and No.10, Eminem - ‘Curtain Call - The Hits’.|
|2005, The John Lennon song Imagine was voted the nations favourite song a quarter of a century after his death. A UK radio station conducted the poll of 7,000 listeners. The Beatles were voted into second and third place with 'Hey Jude' and 'Let It Be.'|
|2006, George Michael was paid a reported £1.5m for an hour's concert at a Russian billionaire's New Year party. The unnamed businessman paid for Michael to entertain his 300 guests on his private estate 20 miles outside Moscow. Michael had just finished the British leg of his Twentyfive tour which included a free concert for nurses in London.|
|2009, Rick Parfitt and Francis Rossi from Status Quo were both appointed OBEs for services to music and charity.|
|2012, A draft of a letter John Lennon written to Eric Clapton on Sept. 29, 1971 asking him to collaborate on a musical project sold for $35,000 at an auction. Still in pristine condition, the latter was originally estimated to fetch somewhere between $20,000 and $30,000.|
|2015, American singer, songwriter Natalie Cole died aged 65 due to congestive heart failure. The daughter of Nat 'King' Cole, she had the 1989 UK No.2 single 'Miss You Like Crazy', and the hits 'This Will Be', 'Inseparable', and 'Our Love'. In the 1990s, she re-recorded standards by her father, resulting in her biggest success, Unforgettable... with Love, which sold over seven million copies and also won Cole numerous Grammy Awards.|
|December 31st: Born on this day|
|1930, Born on this day, American singer, actress, guitarist, songwriter, and a civil and human rights activist Odetta. She influenced many of the key figures of the folk-revival of that time, including Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, Mavis Staples, and Janis Joplin. Time magazine included her song 'Take This Hammer' on its list of the 100 Greatest Popular Songs. Martin Luther King Jr. called her the queen of American folk music. Odetta died on 2 December 2008 age 77.|
|1942, Born on this day, English guitarist Andy Summers, The Police who scored the 1983 UK & US No.1 single 'Every Breath You Take', plus four other UK No.1 singles. Their second album Reggatta de Blanc became the first of five consecutive UK No. 1 albums and The Police won six Grammy Awards and two Brit Awards. Summers has composed music for films including 2010, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, The Wild Life and Weekend at Bernie's.|
|1943, Born on this day, Henry John Deutschendorf, (John Denver), singer, songwriter. 1974 UK & US No.1 single 'Annie's Song'. Killed in a plane crash on 12th October 1997.|
|1943, Born on this day, English musician Pete Quaife, the original bass guitarist for The Kinks from 1963 until 1969. Known for the 1964 UK No.1 & US No.7 single 'You Really Got Me', the 1967 UK No.2 single 'Waterloo Sunset'.|
|1947, Born on this day, Burton Cummings singer and songwriter from Canadian rock band Guess Who who had the 1970 US No.1 & UK No.19 single 'American Woman'.|
|1948, Born on this day, US singer Donna Summer, (1977 UK No.1 single 'I Feel Love' 1979 US No.1 & UK No.11 single 'Hot Stuff, over 25 other top 40 hits). Summer became the first act to be signed by David Geffen to his new Geffen record label. She died on May 17, 2012, at her home in Naples, Florida at the age of 63. She was diagnosed with lung cancer not related to smoking.|
|1951, Born on this day, Tom Hamilton, bassist with Aerosmith who scored the 1989 UK No.13 single 'Love In An Elevator', and their 1989 album Pump spent 53 weeks on the US charts They had the 1993 US No.1 & UK No.2 album Get A Grip and the 1998 US No.1 & UK No.4 single 'I Don't Want To Miss A Thing'. Aerosmith is the best-selling American hard rock band of all time, having sold more than 150 million records worldwide.|
|1951, Born on this day, Fermin Goytisolo, singer with American disco and funk group KC and the Sunshine Band who had the 1975 US No.1 single 'That's The Way, I Like It', and the 1983 UK No.1 single 'Give It Up'.|
|1960, Born on this day, Paul Westerberg, lead singer, guitarist and songwriter from American rock band The Replacements, who released the 1984 album Let It Be. Initially a punk rock band, they are considered pioneers of alternative rock.|
|1961, Born on this day, Scott Taylor, guitarist with English rock band Then Jerico who had the 1989 UK No.13 single 'Big Area'.|
|1963, Born on this day, Scott Ian, Anthrax, (1991 UK No.16 single 'Got The Time').|
|1970, Born on this day, Danny McNamara, singer from English alternative rock band Embrace, who had the 2006 UK No. 2 single ‘Natures Law’, the 2006 UK No.1 album This New Day and two other UK No.1 albums.|
|1972, Born on this day, Joey McIntrye, from American boy band New Kids On The Block, who had the 1989 UK No.1 single 'You Got It, The Right Stuff', and the 1990 US No.1 single 'Step By Step'. They enjoyed success in the late 1980s and early 1990s and have sold more than 80 million records worldwide|
|1977, Born on this day, South Korean singer, songwriter, rapper, dancer, record producer and television personality, PSY, (born Park Jae-sang), who had the 2012 internationally hit single 'Gangnam Style.'|
|1979, Born on this day, Bob Bryar, drummer, with American rock band My Chemical Romance who had the 2006 UK No.1 single ‘Welcome to the Black Parade’, and the 2006 US No.2 album The Black Parade.|
- 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gaul.
- 535 – Byzantine general Belisarius completes the conquest of Sicily, defeating the Gothic garrison of Palermo (Panormos), and ending his consulship for the year.
- 870 – Battle of Englefield: The Vikings clash with ealdorman Æthelwulf of Berkshire. The invaders are driven back to Reading (East Anglia), many Danes are killed.
- 1225 – The Lý dynasty of Vietnam ends after 216 years by the enthronement of the boy emperor Trần Thái Tông, husband of the last Lý monarch, Lý Chiêu Hoàng, starting the Trần dynasty.
- 1229 – James I of Aragon the Conqueror enters Medina Mayurqa (now known as Palma, Spain) thus consummating the Christian reconquest of the island of Majorca.
- 1501 – The First Battle of Cannanore commences.
- 1600 – The British East India Company is chartered.
- 1660 – James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.
- 1687 – The first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.
- 1757 – Empress Elizabeth I of Russia issues her ukase incorporating Königsberg into Russia.
- 1759 – Arthur Guinness signs a 9,000 year lease at £45 per annum and starts brewing Guinness.
- 1775 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec: British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army General Richard Montgomery.
- 1790 – Efimeris, the oldest Greek newspaper of which issues have survived till today, is published for the first time.
- 1796 – The incorporation of Baltimore as a city.
- 1831 – Gramercy Park is deeded to New York City.
- 1853 – A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an iguanodon created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London, England.
- 1857 – Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, then a small logging town, as the capital of Canada.
- 1862 – American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln signs an act that admits West Virginia to the Union, thus dividing Virginia in two.
- 1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
- 1878 – Karl Benz, working in Mannheim, Germany, filed for a patent on his first reliable two-stroke gas engine, and he was granted the patent in 1879.
- 1879 – Thomas Edison demonstrates incandescent lighting to the public for the first time, in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
- 1906 – Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar signs the Persian Constitution of 1906.
- 1907 – The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square (then known as Longacre Square) in Manhattan.
- 1944 – World War II: Hungary declares war on Nazi Germany.
- 1944 – World War II: Operation Nordwind, the last major German offensive on the Western Front begins.
- 1946 – President Harry S. Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.
- 1951 – Cold War: The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than US$13.3 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Western Europe.
- 1955 – General Motors becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over US$1 billion in a year.
- 1956 – The Romanian Television begins its first broadcast in Bucharest.
- 1961 – RTÉ, Ireland's state broadcaster, launches its first national television service.
- 1963 – The Central African Federation officially collapses, subsequently becoming Zambia, Malawi and Rhodesia.
- 1965 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, leader of the Central African Republic army, and his military officers begins a coup d'état against the government of President David Dacko.
- 1968 – The first flight of the Tupolev Tu-144, the first civilian supersonic transport in the world.
- 1981 – A coup d'état in Ghana removes President Hilla Limann's PNP government and replaces it with the Provisional National Defence Council led by Flight lieutenant Jerry Rawlings.
- 1983 – The AT&T Bell System is broken up by the United States Government.
- 1983 – Benjamin Ward is appointed New York City Police Department's first ever African American police commissioner.
- 1983 – In Nigeria a coup d'état led by Major General Muhammadu Buhari ends the Second Nigerian Republic.
- 1986 – Arson at the Dupont Plaza Hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 97 people and injures 140.
- 1991 – All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date five days after the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.
- 1992 – Czechoslovakia is peacefully dissolved in what is dubbed by media as the Velvet Divorce, resulting in the creation of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
- 1994 – This date is skipped altogether in Kiribati as the Phoenix Islands and Line Islands change time zones from UTC−11:00 to UTC+13:00 and UTC−10:00 to UTC+14:00, respectively.
- 1994 – The First Chechen War: Russian army began a New Year's storming of Grozny.
- 1998 – The European Exchange Rate Mechanism freezes the values of the legacy currencies in the Eurozone, and establishes the value of the euro currency.
- 1999 – First President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, resigns from office, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as the acting President and successor.
- 1999 – The United States Government hands control of the Panama Canal (as well all the adjacent land to the canal known as the Panama Canal Zone) to Panama. This act complied with the signing of the 1977 Torrijos–Carter Treaties.
- 1999 – Indian Airlines Flight 814 hijacking ended after seven days with the release of 190 survivors at Kandahar Airport, Afghanistan.
- 2000 – The last day of the 20th Century and 2nd Millennium.
- 2004 – The official opening of Taipei 101, the tallest skyscraper at that time in the world, standing at a height of 509 metres (1,670 ft).
- 2009 – Both a blue moon and a lunar eclipse occur.
- 2010 – Tornadoes touch down in midwestern and southern United States, including Washington County, Arkansas; Greater St. Louis, Sunset Hills, Missouri, Illinois, and Oklahoma, with a few tornadoes in the early hours. A total 36 tornadoes touched down, resulting in the deaths of nine people and $113 million in damages.
- 2011 – NASA succeeds in putting the first of two Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory satellites in orbit around the Moon.
- 2014 – A New Year's Eve celebration stampede in Shanghai kills at least 36 people and injures 49 others.
- 2015 – A fire broke out at the Downtown Address Hotel in Downtown Dubai, United Arab Emirates located near the Burj Khalifa two hours before the fireworks display was due to commence. Sixteen injuries were reported; one had a heart attack, another suffered a major injury, and fourteen others with minor injuries.
- 2017 – Starting date of Valletta as European Capital of Culture
- 695 – Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian general (d. 715)
- 1378 – Pope Callixtus III (d. 1458)
- 1491 – Jacques Cartier, French navigator and explorer (d. 1557)
- 1493 – Eleonora Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino (d. 1570)
- 1504 – Beatrice of Portugal, Duchess of Savoy (d. 1538)
- 1514 – Andreas Vesalius, Belgian anatomist, physician, and author (d. 1564)
- 1539 – John Radcliffe, English politician (d. 1568)
- 1550 – Henry I, Duke of Guise (d. 1588)
- 1552 – Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
- 1572 – Emperor Go-Yōzei of Japan, (d. 1617)
- 1585 – Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, Spanish general and politician, 24th Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1645)
- 1668 – Herman Boerhaave, Dutch botanist and physician (d. 1738)
- 1714 – Arima Yoriyuki, Japanese mathematician and educator (d. 1783)
- 1720 – Charles Edward Stuart, Scottish claimant to the throne of England (d. 1788)
- 1738 – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, English general and politician, 3rd Governor-General of India (d. 1805)
- 1741 – Gottfried August Bürger, German poet and academic (d. 1794)
- 1763 – Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
- 1776 – Johann Spurzheim, German-American physician and phrenologist (d. 1832)
- 1798 – Friedrich Robert Faehlmann, Estonian physician, philologist, and academic (d. 1850)
- 1805 – Marie d'Agoult, German-French historian and author (d. 1876)
- 1815 – George Meade, American general and engineer (d. 1872)
- 1830 – Isma'il Pasha, Egyptian ruler (d. 1895)
- 1830 – Alexander Smith, Scottish poet and critic (d. 1867)
- 1833 – Hugh Nelson Scottish-Australian politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (d. 1906)
- 1838 – Émile Loubet, French lawyer and politician, 7th President of France (d. 1929)
- 1842 – Giovanni Boldini, Italian painter (d. 1931)
- 1851 – Henry Carter Adams, American economist and academic (d. 1921)
- 1855 – Giovanni Pascoli, Italian poet and scholar (d. 1912)
- 1857 – King Kelly, American baseball player and manager (d. 1894)
- 1860 – Joseph S. Cullinan, American businessman, co-founded Texaco (d. 1937)
- 1864 – Robert Grant Aitken, American astronomer and academic (d. 1951)
- 1869 – Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (d. 1954)
- 1872 – Fred Marriott, American race car driver (d. 1956)
- 1873 – Konstantin Konik, Estonian surgeon and politician, 19th Estonian Minister of Education (d. 1936)
- 1874 – Julius Meier, American businessman and politician, 20th Governor of Oregon (d. 1937)
- 1877 – Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)
- 1878 – Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman, founded Elizabeth Arden, Inc. (d. 1966)
- 1878 – Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan-Argentinian author, poet, and playwright (d. 1937)
- 1880 – Fred Beebe, American baseball player and coach (d. 1957)
- 1880 – George Marshall, American general and politician, 50th United States Secretary of State, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1959)
- 1881 – Max Pechstein, German painter and academic (d. 1955)
- 1884 – Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (d. 1964)
- 1884 – Mihály Fekete, Hungarian actor, screenwriter, and film director (d. 1960)
- 1885 – Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)
- 1899 – Silvestre Revueltas, Mexican violinist, composer, and conductor (d. 1940)
- 1901 – Nikos Ploumpidis, Greek educator and politician (d. 1954)
- 1902 – Lionel Daunais, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 1982)
- 1902 – Roy Goodall, English footballer (d. 1982)
- 1904 – William Heynes, English engineer (d. 1989)
- 1905 – Helen Dodson Prince, American astronomer and academic (d. 2002)
- 1905 – Jule Styne, English-American composer (d. 1994)
- 1908 – Simon Wiesenthal, Ukrainian-Austrian nazi hunter and author (d. 2005)
- 1909 – Jonah Jones, American trumpet player and saxophonist (d. 2000)
- 1910 – Carl Dudley, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1973)
- 1910 – Enrique Maier, Spanish tennis player (d. 1981)
- 1911 – Dal Stivens, Australian soldier and author (d. 1997)
- 1912 – John Frost, Indian-English general (d. 1993)
- 1914 – Mary Logan Reddick, American neuroembryologist (d. 1966)
- 1915 – Sam Ragan, American journalist, author, and poet (d. 1996)
- 1917 – Evelyn Knight, American singer (d. 2007)
- 1917 – Wilfrid Noyce, English mountaineer and author (d. 1962)
- 1918 – Ray Graves, American football player and coach (d. 2015)
- 1919 – Tommy Byrne, American baseball player, coach, and politician (d. 2007)
- 1919 – Carmen Contreras-Bozak, Puerto Rican-American soldier (d. 2017)
- 1920 – Rex Allen, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 1999)
- 1922 – Tomás Balduino, Brazilian bishop (d. 2014)
- 1922 – Halina Czerny-Stefańska, Polish pianist and educator (d. 2001)
- 1922 – Luis Zuloaga, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 2013)
- 1923 – Giannis Dalianidis, Greek actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2010)
- 1924 – Taylor Mead, American actor and poet (d. 2013)
- 1925 – Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (d. 2013)
- 1925 – Sri Lal Sukla, Indian author (d. 2011)
- 1925 – Daphne Oram, British composer and electronic musician (d. 2003)
- 1926 – Valerie Pearl, English historian and academic (d. 2016)
- 1926 – Billy Snedden, Australian lawyer and politician, 17th Attorney-General for Australia (d. 1987)
- 1928 – Ross Barbour, American pop singer (d. 2011)
- 1928 – Tatyana Shmyga, Russian actress and singer (d. 2011)
- 1928 – Siné, French cartoonist (d. 2016)
- 1928 – Veijo Meri, Finnish author and translator (d. 2015)
- 1929 – Mies Bouwman, Dutch television host (d. 2018)
- 1929 – Peter May, English cricketer (d. 1994)
- 1930 – Odetta, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress (d. 2008)
- 1930 – Jaime Escalante, Bolivian-American educator (d. 2010)
- 1931 – Bob Shaw, Northern Irish journalist and author (d. 1996)
- 1932 – Don James, American football player and coach (d. 2013)
- 1932 – Felix Rexhausen, German journalist and author (d. 1992)
- 1933 – Edward Bunker, American author, screenwriter, and actor (d. 2005)
- 1934 – Ameer Muhammad Akram Awan, Indian author, poet, and scholar (d. 2017)
- 1935 – Salman of Saudi Arabia, King of Saudi Arabia
- 1937 – Avram Hershko, Hungarian-Israeli biochemist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1937 – Anthony Hopkins, Welsh actor, director, and composer
- 1937 – Barry Hughes, Welsh footballer and manager
- 1937 – Tess Jaray, Austrian-English painter and educator
- 1938 – Rosalind Cash, American singer and actress (d. 1995)
- 1938 – Atje Keulen-Deelstra, Dutch speed skater (d. 2013)
- 1939 – Willye White, American sprinter and long jumper (d. 2007)
- 1940 – Mani Neumeier, German drummer
- 1941 – Alex Ferguson, Scottish footballer and manager
- 1941 – Sarah Miles, English actress
- 1942 – Andy Summers, English guitarist, songwriter, and producer
- 1943 – John Denver, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (d. 1997)
- 1943 – Ben Kingsley, English actor
- 1943 – Pete Quaife, English bass player, author, and artist (d. 2010)
- 1944 – Taylor Hackford, American director, producer, and screenwriter
- 1945 – Connie Willis, American author
- 1946 – Roy Greenslade, English journalist and academic
- 1946 – Bryan Hamilton, Northern Irish footballer and coach
- 1946 – Raphael Kaplinsky, South African international development academic
- 1946 – Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean archbishop
- 1946 – Lyudmila Pakhomova, Russian ice dancer (d. 1986)
- 1946 – Cliff Richey, American tennis player
- 1946 – Eric Robson, Scottish journalist and author
- 1946 – Nigel Rudd, English businessman, founded Williams Holdings
- 1946 – Tim Stevens, English bishop
- 1946 – Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer
- 1947 – Burton Cummings, Canadian singer-songwriter and keyboard player
- 1947 – Rita Lee, Brazilian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actress
- 1947 – Tim Matheson, American actor, director, and producer
- 1948 – Joe Dallesandro, American actor
- 1948 – Sandy Jardine, Scottish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
- 1948 – René Robert, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1948 – Donna Summer, American singer-songwriter (d. 2012)
- 1949 – Ellen Datlow, American anthologist and author
- 1949 – Flora Gomes, Bissau-Guinean filmmaker
- 1949 – Susan Shwartz, American author
- 1950 – Phil Blakeway, Welsh-English rugby player
- 1950 – Bob Gilder, American golfer
- 1950 – Inge Helten, German sprinter
- 1950 – Cheryl Womack, American businesswoman
- 1951 – Tom Hamilton, American bass player and songwriter
- 1951 – Kenny Roberts, American motorcycle racer
- 1952 – Vaughan Jones, New Zealand mathematician and academic
- 1952 – Jean-Pierre Rives, French rugby player, painter, and sculptor
- 1953 – Jane Badler, American actress
- 1954 – Alex Salmond, Scottish economist and politician, 4th First Minister of Scotland
- 1954 – Hermann Tilke, German race car driver and engineer
- 1956 – Robert Goodwill, English farmer and politician
- 1956 – Helma Knorscheidt, German shot putter
- 1956 – Steve Rude, American author and illustrator
- 1958 – Geoff Marsh, Australian cricketer and coach
- 1958 – Bebe Neuwirth, American actress and dancer
- 1959 – Liveris Andritsos, Greek basketball player
- 1959 – Val Kilmer, American actor
- 1959 – Phill Kline, American lawyer and politician, Kansas Attorney General
- 1959 – Baron Waqa, Nauruan composer and politician, 14th President of Nauru
- 1959 – Paul Westerberg, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1960 – Steve Bruce, English footballer and manager
- 1961 – Rick Aguilera, American baseball player and coach
- 1961 – Jeremy Heywood, English economist and civil servant
- 1962 – Tyrone Corbin, American basketball player and coach
- 1962 – Chris Hallam, English-Welsh swimmer and wheelchair racer (d. 2013)
- 1962 – Jennifer Higdon, American composer
- 1963 – Scott Ian, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1964 – Winston Benjamin, Antiguan cricketer
- 1964 – Michael McDonald, American comedian, actor, and director
- 1965 – Tony Dorigo, Australian-English footballer and sportscaster
- 1965 – Julie Doucet, Canadian cartoonist and author
- 1965 – Gong Li, Chinese actress
- 1965 – Laxman Sivaramakrishnan, Indian cricketer
- 1965 – Nicholas Sparks, American author, screenwriter, and producer
- 1967 – Paul McGregor, Australian rugby league player and coach
- 1968 – Gerry Dee, Canadian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
- 1968 – Junot Diaz, Dominican-born American novelist, short story writer, and essayist
- 1970 – Jorge Alberto da Costa Silva, Brazilian footballer
- 1970 – Danny McNamara, English singer-songwriter
- 1970 – Carlos Morales Quintana, Spanish-Danish architect and sailor
- 1970 – Bryon Russell, American basketball player
- 1971 – Brent Barry, American basketball player and sportscaster
- 1971 – Esteban Loaiza, Mexican baseball player
- 1972 – Grégory Coupet, French footballer
- 1972 – Joey McIntyre, American singer-songwriter and actor
- 1972 -- Scott Manley, Scottish YouTube personality
- 1973 – Shandon Anderson, American basketball player
- 1973 – Malcolm Middleton, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist
- 1973 – Curtis Myden, Canadian swimmer
- 1974 – Joe Abercrombie, English author
- 1974 – Mario Aerts, Belgian cyclist
- 1974 – Tony Kanaan, Brazilian race car driver
- 1974 – Ryan Sakoda, Japanese-American wrestler and trainer
- 1975 – Rami Alanko, Finnish ice hockey player
- 1975 – Toni Kuivasto, Finnish footballer and coach
- 1975 – Rob Penders, Dutch footballer
- 1975 – Sander Schutgens, Dutch runner
- 1976 – Luís Carreira, Portuguese motorcycle racer (d. 2012)
- 1976 – Matthew Hoggard, English cricketer
- 1977 – Wardy Alfaro, Costa Rican footballer and coach
- 1977 – Psy, South Korean singer-songwriter, producer, and dancer
- 1977 – Donald Trump, Jr., American businessman and son of billionaire Donald Trump
- 1979 – Paul O'Neill, English race car driver
- 1979 – Jeff Waldstreicher, American lawyer and politician
- 1980 – Jesse Carlson, American baseball player
- 1980 – Matt Cross, American wrestler
- 1980 – Richie McCaw, New Zealand rugby player
- 1980 – Carsten Schlangen, German runner
- 1981 – Jason Campbell, American football player
- 1981 – Matthew Pavlich, Australian footballer
- 1981 – Margaret Simpson, Ghanaian heptathlete
- 1981 – Ricky Whittle, English actor
- 1982 – Julio DePaula, Dominican baseball player
- 1982 – Craig Gordon, Scottish footballer
- 1982 – Luke Schenscher, Australian basketball player
- 1982 – The Rocket Summer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
- 1984 – Ben Hannant, Australian rugby league player
- 1984 – Édgar Lugo, Mexican footballer
- 1984 – Calvin Zola, Congolese footballer
- 1985 – Jonathan Horton, American gymnast
- 1985 – Jan Smit, Dutch singer and television host
- 1986 – Nate Freiman, American baseball player
- 1986 – Kade Snowden, Australian rugby league player
- 1987 – Javaris Crittenton, American basketball player
- 1987 – Danny Holla, Dutch footballer
- 1987 – Émilie Le Pennec, French gymnast
- 1987 – Nemanja Nikolić, Hungarian footballer
- 1989 - Brian Gregan, Irish sprinter and athlete
- 1990 – Patrick Chan, Canadian figure skater
- 1991 – Bojana Jovanovski, Serbian tennis player
- 1992 – Amy Cure, Australian track cyclist
- 1992 – Karl Kruuda, Estonian race car driver
- 1993 – Ryan Blaney, American race car driver
- 1995 – Gabby Douglas, American gymnast
- 45 BC – Quintus Fabius Maximus, consul suffectus
- 192 – Commodus, Roman emperor (b. 161)
- 335 – Pope Sylvester I
- 669 – Li Shiji, Chinese general (b. 594)
- 878 – Seiwa, Japanese emperor (b. 850)
- 1164 – Ottokar III of Styria (b. 1124)
- 1194 – Leopold V, Duke of Austria (b. 1157)
- 1298 – Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English politician, Lord High Constable of England (b. 1249)
- 1299 – Margaret, Countess of Anjou (b. 1273)
- 1302 – Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238)
- 1384 – John Wycliffe, English philosopher, theologian, and translator (b. 1331)
- 1386 – Johanna of Bavaria, Queen of Bohemia (b. c. 1362)
- 1426 – Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter (b. 1377)
- 1439 – Margaret Holland, English noblewoman (b. 1385)
- 1460 – Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, English politician, Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom (b. 1400)
- 1510 – Bianca Maria Sforza, Holy Roman Empress (b. 1472)
- 1535 – William Skeffington, English-Irish politician, Lord Deputy of Ireland (b. 1465)
- 1568 – Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese daimyō (b. 1493)
- 1575 – Pierino Belli, Italian commander and jurist (b. 1502)
- 1583 – Thomas Erastus, Swiss physician and theologian (b. 1524)
- 1610 – Ludolph van Ceulen, German-Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1540)
- 1650 – Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)
- 1655 – Janusz Radziwiłł, Polish–Lithuanian politician (b. 1612)
- 1673 – Oliver St John, English judge and politician, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (b. 1598)
- 1679 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)
- 1691 – Robert Boyle, Irish chemist and physicist (b. 1627)
- 1691 – Dudley North, English merchant and economist (b. 1641)
- 1705 – Catherine of Braganza (b. 1638)
- 1719 – John Flamsteed, English astronomer and academic (b. 1646)
- 1730 – Carlo Gimach, Maltese architect, engineer and poet (b. 1651)
- 1742 – Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (b. 1661)
- 1775 – Richard Montgomery, American general (b. 1738)
- 1799 – Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and author (b. 1723)
- 1818 – Jean-Pierre Duport, French cellist (b. 1741)
- 1872 – Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author and playwright (b. 1834)
- 1876 – Catherine Labouré, French nun and saint (b. 1806)
- 1877 – Gustave Courbet, French-Swiss painter and sculptor (b. 1819)
- 1888 – Samson Raphael Hirsch, German rabbi and scholar (b. 1808)
- 1889 – Ion Creangă, Romanian author and educator (b. 1837)
- 1889 – George Kerferd, English-Australian politician, 10th Premier of Victoria (b. 1831)
- 1890 – Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican soldier (b. 1826)
- 1891 – Samuel Ajayi Crowther, Nigerian bishop and linguist (b. 1809)
- 1894 – Thomas Joannes Stieltjes, Dutch mathematician and academic (b. 1856)
- 1909 – Spencer Trask, American financier and philanthropist (b. 1844)
- 1910 – Archibald Hoxsey, American pilot (b. 1884)
- 1910 – John Moisant, American pilot and engineer (b. 1868)
- 1921 – Boies Penrose, American lawyer and politician (b. 1860)
- 1936 – Miguel de Unamuno, Spanish philosopher, author, and poet (b. 1864)
- 1948 – Malcolm Campbell, English race car driver and journalist (b. 1885)
- 1949 – Rıza Tevfik Bölükbaşı, Turkish philosopher, poet, and politician (b. 1869)
- 1949 – Raimond Valgre, Estonian pianist and composer (b. 1913)
- 1950 – Charles Koechlin, French composer and educator (b. 1867)
- 1953 – Albert Plesman, Dutch businessman, founded KLM (b. 1889)
- 1964 – Bobby Byrne, American baseball and soccer player (b. 1884)
- 1964 – Ólafur Thors, Icelandic lawyer and politician, 8th Prime Minister of Iceland (b. 1892)
- 1964 – Henry Maitland Wilson, English field marshal (b. 1881)
- 1968 – George Lewis, American clarinet player and composer (b. 1900)
- 1972 – Roberto Clemente, Puerto Rican-American baseball player and Marine (b. 1934)
- 1972 – Henry Gerber, German-American activist, founded the Society for Human Rights (b. 1892)
- 1978 – Basil Wolverton, American illustrator (b. 1909)
- 1980 – Marshall McLuhan, Canadian philosopher and theorist (b. 1911)
- 1980 – Raoul Walsh, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1887)
- 1983 – Sevim Burak, Turkish author and playwright (b. 1931)
- 1985 – Ricky Nelson, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (b. 1940)
- 1987 – Jerry Turner, American journalist (b. 1929)
- 1988 – Nicolas Calas, Greek-American poet and critic (b. 1907)
- 1990 – George Allen, American football player and coach (b. 1918)
- 1990 – Vasily Lazarev, Russian physician, colonel, and astronaut (b. 1928)
- 1990 – Giovanni Michelucci, Italian architect and urban planner, designed the Firenze Santa Maria Novella railway station (b. 1891)
- 1993 – Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Georgian anthropologist and politician, 1st President of Georgia (b. 1939)
- 1993 – Brandon Teena, American murder victim (b. 1972)
- 1994 – Woody Strode, American football player, wrestler, and actor (b. 1914)
- 1996 – Wesley Addy, American actor (b. 1913)
- 1997 – Floyd Cramer, American singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1933)
- 1997 – Billie Dove, American actress (b. 1903)
- 1998 – Ted Glossop, Australian rugby league player and coach (b. 1934)
- 1999 – Elliot Richardson, American lawyer and politician, 69th United States Attorney General (b. 1920)
- 2000 – Alan Cranston, American journalist and politician (b. 1914)
- 2000 – José Greco, Italian-American dancer and choreographer (b. 1918)
- 2000 – Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane, American-Israeli rabbi and scholar (b. 1966)
- 2001 – Eileen Heckart, American actress (b. 1919)
- 2002 – Kevin MacMichael, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (b. 1951)
- 2003 – Arthur R. von Hippel German-American physicist and author (b. 1898)
- 2004 – Gérard Debreu, French economist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1921)
- 2005 – Enrico Di Giuseppe, American tenor and educator (b. 1932)
- 2005 – Phillip Whitehead, English screenwriter, producer, and politician (b. 1937)
- 2006 – Seymour Martin Lipset, American sociologist, author, and academic (b. 1922)
- 2006 – George Sisler, Jr., American businessman (b. 1917)
- 2007 – Roy Amara, American scientific researcher (b. 1925)
- 2007 – Michael Goldberg, American painter and educator (b. 1924)
- 2007 – Bill Idelson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1919)
- 2007 – Milton L. Klein, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1910)
- 2007 – Ettore Sottsass, Austrian-Italian architect and designer (b. 1917)
- 2008 – Donald E. Westlake, American author and screenwriter (b. 1933)
- 2009 – Cahal Daly, Irish cardinal and philosopher (b. 1917)
- 2009 – Justin Keating, Irish surgeon, journalist, and politician, Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (b. 1930)
- 2010 – Raymond Impanis, Belgian cyclist (b. 1925)
- 2010 – Per Oscarsson, Swedish actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1927)
- 2012 – Peter Ebert, English director and producer (b. 1918)
- 2012 – Tarak Mekki, Tunisian businessman and politician (b. 1958)
- 2012 – Jovette Marchessault, Canadian author and playwright (b. 1938)
- 2012 – Günter Rössler, German photographer and journalist (b. 1926)
- 2013 – James Avery, American actor (b. 1945)
- 2013 – Roberto Ciotti, Italian guitarist and composer (b. 1953)
- 2013 – Bob Grant, American radio host (b. 1929)
- 2013 – Irina Korschunow, German author and screenwriter (b. 1925)
- 2014 – Edward Herrmann, American actor (b. 1943)
- 2014 – Abdullah Hussain, Malaysian author (b. 1920)
- 2014 – Norm Phelps, American author and activist (b. 1939)
- 2014 – S. Arthur Spiegel, American captain, lawyer, and judge (b. 1920)
- 2014 – Valerian Wellesley, 8th Duke of Wellington, British soldier and politician (b. 1915)
- 2015 – Natalie Cole, American singer-songwriter and actress (b. 1950)
- 2015 – Marvin Panch, American race car driver (b. 1926)
- 2015 – Wayne Rogers, American actor and investor (b. 1933)
- 2015 – Beth Howland, American actress (b. 1941)
- 2016 – William Christopher, American actor (b. 1932)