Παρασκευή, 26 Αυγούστου 2016

FRENCH FASHION DESIGNER SONIA RYKIEL HAS DIED

Sonia RykielImage copyrightGETTY IMAGES
Image captionSonia Rykiel's designs were worn by stars like Brigitte Bardot and Audrey Hepburn
French fashion designer Sonia Rykiel has died at the age of 86. 
Rykiel, nicknamed the Queen of Knitwear, had been suffering from Parkinson's disease for some time before her death on Thursday. 
Nathalie Rykiel, managing and artistic director of the Sonia Rykiel fashion label, said: "My mother died at 05:00 this morning at her home in Paris from the effects of Parkinson's."
French President Francois Hollande praised her as "a pioneer".

'Extraordinary legacy'

He said of Rykiel, whose relaxed striped knitwear was seen as a shift away from more formal suits: "She invented not just a style but an attitude, a way of living and being, and offered a freedom of movement."
Jean-Marc Loubier, chairman and chief executive of First Heritage Brands, the parent company of the Sonia Rykiel label, said: "It is a sad day but Sonia Rykiel leaves behind her an extraordinary legacy."
He added that she had "helped women and society evolve." 
Sonia Rykiel, right, and her daughter presenting a collection in Paris in 2007Image copyrightAP
Image captionSonia Rykiel with her daughter Nathalie, who has been managing and artistic director of the fashion house since 1995
Rykiel was born Sonia Flis in Paris in May 1930, to a Romanian father and Russian mother. 
She started her career as a window dresser in 1948, with her first foray into design being when she knitted herself maternity dresses after marrying Sam Rykiel, the owner of a Paris boutique. 
Rykiel made her breakthrough in 1962 with the so-called poor boy sweater, which had long sleeves and a fitted shape. 
Elle magazine then featured teenage pop star Francoise Hardy wearing a red and pink striped Rykiel sweater on its cover in December 1963. 
Brigitte Bardot was later photographed in a Rykiel creation, with Audrey Hepburn among her other famous fans. 
Models wear creations by French fashion designer Sonia Rykiel as part of her show designed for H&M in Paris in 2009Image copyrightAP
Image captionRykiel's trademark stripes were on display during a show designed for H&M in Paris in 2009
Kendall Jenner modelling a Sonia Rykiel creation during the 2015 spring/summer ready-to-wear collection fashion show, on 29 September 2014Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES
Image captionUS model Kendall Jenner modelling a Sonia Rykiel creation from her 2015 spring/summer ready-to-wear collection
Rykiel opened her first ready-to-wear store on Paris's Left Bank in 1968 and her fashion empire went on to include menswear, children's clothing, accessories and perfumes.
According to her website, Rykiel "urged women to be eccentric, seductive, mysterious, and to create their own style". 
During her career she developed new techniques like inside-out stitching and no-hem finishings, with other star pieces including embroidered knitted tops and rhinestone-studded berets.
Rykiel wrote several novels and also featured in 1994 film Pret-a-Porter, Robert Altman's satirical take on the fashion industry. 
In a 2005 interview, she said she had been plagued by doubt in her early career. 
"When I started in fashion, for the first 10 years, I said to myself every day, 'I'm going to quit tomorrow,'" she told Le Nouvel Observateur. 
"People are going to figure out that I don't know anything. I always thought I'd be discredited in the end."
French Minister of Culture Jack Lang (7th left) posing with fashion designers before a lunch organized during the autumn-winter fashion show in Paris. From L to R: Kenzo, Anne-Marie Beretta, Jean-Charles de Castelbajac, Chantal Thomass, Alix Gres, Yves Saint-Laurent, Sonia Rykiel, Issey Miyake, Pierre Berge and Emanuel UngaroImage copyrightAFP/GETTY
Image captionRykiel, fourth left, with French Minister of Culture Jack Lang, seventh left, and fellow designers (l-r) Kenzo, Anne-Marie Beretta, Jean-Charles de Castelbajac, Chantal Thomass, Alix Gres, Yves Saint-Laurent, Sonia Rykiel, Issey Miyake, Pierre Berge and Emanuel Ungaro
In 2012, the designer revealed she had been diagnosed with Parkinson's 15 years earlier.
She had initially kept the condition private but wrote about her diagnosis in a book when her symptoms became too difficult to disguise, fashion site WWD said
As well as daughter Nathalie, she leaves son Jean-Philippe. No information about a memorial ceremony has yet been made available.

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